What is Bitcoin Mining and How Does it Work? Bitcoin, world coin the next bitcoin mining could be further from the truth!
Without miners, the network would collapse and lose all value. The role of miners is to secure the network and to process every Bitcoin transaction. For this service, miners are rewarded with newly-created Bitcoins and transaction fees. To understand mining, it’s first necessary to understand the Bitcoin blockchain.
The blockchain is essentially a public ledger, which is freely shared, continually updated and under no central control. Isn’t Mining a Waste of Electricity? Certain orthodox economists have criticized mining as wasteful. Isn’t traditional finance a waste? Not just of electricity, but of money, time and human resources! If only 21 million Bitcoins will ever be created, why has the issuance of Bitcoin not accelerated with the rising power of mining hardware?
Difficulty rises and falls with deployed hashing power to keep the average time between blocks at around 10 minutes. To successfully attack the Bitcoin network by creating blocks with a falsified transaction record, a dishonest miner would require the majority of mining power so as to maintain the longest chain. To achieve it, an attacker needs to own mining hardware than all other honest miners. This imposes a high monetary cost on any such attack. Nowadays all serious Bitcoin mining is performed on ASICs, usually in thermally-regulated data-centres with access to low-cost electricity.
Economies of scale have thus led to the concentration of mining power into fewer hands than originally intended. As with GPU and ASIC mining, Satoshi apparently failed to anticipate the emergence of mining pools. However, it’s may be argued that it’s contrary to the long-term economic interests of any miner to attempt such an attack. The resultant fall in Bitcoin’s credibility would dramatically reduce its exchange rate, undermining the value of the miner’s hardware investment and their held coins. How Does Bitcoin Mining Work? Green sends 1 bitcoin to Red. Green’s wallet announces a 1 bitcoin payment to Red’s wallet.
A full node is a special, transaction-relaying wallet which maintains a current copy of the entire blockchain. Full Nodes then check Green’s spend against other pending transactions. Red would be taking a big risk by sending any goods to Green before the transaction is confirmed. So how do transactions get confirmed?
Miners, like full nodes, maintain a complete copy of the blockchain and monitor the network for newly-announced transactions. Green’s transaction may in fact reach a miner directly, without being relayed through a full node. In either case, a miner then performs work in an attempt to fit all new, valid transactions into the current block. The more computing power a miner controls, the higher their hashrate and the greater their odds of solving the current block.